Joint replacements are the #1 expenditure of Medicare. The process of approving these medical devices is flawed according to the Institute of Medicine. It is time for patients' voices to be heard as stakeholders and for public support for increased medical device industry accountability and heightened protections for patients. Post-market registry. Product warranty. Patient/consumer stakeholder equity. Rescind industry pre-emptions/entitlements.
Twitter: JjrkCh

Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Who Owns Data From Inside Your Body? - On The Media

Who Owns Data From Inside Your Body? - On The Media

Please listen to this 8 minute audio from NPR.

Hugo Campos is a patient advocate who is working for safer and more effective implanted medical devices on the federal level. Like my brother, he found that there is a "catch" to having an implanted medical devices.
Steven Baker's implanted elbow that failed had two components removed during "revision" surgery and it took him more than a year to establish his ownership of those implanted components. Hugo believes the patient "owns" the information that is compiled by his implanted cardiac device ICD.

Friday, January 20, 2012

You can help reduce unsafe and ineffective implanted medical devices.

Medical Devices: Consumers Union Safe Patient Project

Medical Devices should not be ticking time bombs!
We shouldn’t be used as guinea pigs when it comes to something as serious as a medical implant. Yet everyday, Americans are finding out that the medical device they are using to improve their health may actually cause serious harm, permanent disability or death!
Because of intense lobbying from the medical device industry, more than 90 percent of devices do not have to undergo testing on humans before they are sold to, or implanted in, us. That means heart valves and other high-risk devices can receive less scrutiny and testing than a drug for an upset stomach. 
Further, implants are not tracked universally. That means there's no way to notify patients that they may have a defective product that should be removed. If you don’t think this makes sense, let your members of Congress know. They’re writing legislation right now that will decide how safe medical devices must be. 
Tell them you want safety standards for most medical devices to be brought in line with prescription drugs. Just fill in the form below, adjust the letter with your own comments, and our system will automatically direct your message to your own Representative and Senators based on your address.

Sunday, January 8, 2012

Medicare Study Shows Most Medical Errors Go Unreported

Link to Consumers Union announcement (text copy below).


Posted 01/06/12 at 3:19 pm
CONSUMERS UNION NEWS RELEASE
For Immediate Release: Friday, January 6, 2012
Contact: Michael McCauley, mmccauley@consumer.org, 415-431-6747, ext 126 or 415-902-9537 (cell) or Lisa McGiffert, lmcgiffert@consumer.org, 512-477-4431, ext 115
Medicare Study Shows Most Medical Errors Go Unreported
CMS Will Work to Make Hospitals Track Errors Better InternallyBut Information Will Be Kept From The Public
WASHINGTON, D.C. — A new study released today by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) found that hospital employees are only reporting fourteen percent of all medical errors and usually don’t change their practices to prevent future harm to patients.
The study was based on an independent review of patient records. Federal regulations require hospitals to track all medical errors and adverse events that harm patients and to implement preventive measures to protect patients. Only five of the 293 reported cases of medical errors reviewed by federal investigators led to changes in policies or practices by hospitals to prevent harm to patients.
“One in four hospital patients are harmed by medical errors and infections, which translates to about 9 million people each year,” said Lisa McGiffert, Director of Consumers Union’s Safe Patient Project. “Today’s report confirms what many other studies have already documented. Too many hospitals are doing a poor job of tracking preventable infections and medical errors and making the changes necessary to keep patients safe. It’s time that hospitals make patient safety a higher priority.”
The OIG report recommends that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) provide hospitals with a standard list of medical errors that should be tracked and reported to the agency. But Consumers Union noted that public reporting of medical errors is critical to driving improvement in patient safety.
“Hospitals should be pushed to do a better job at tracking medical harm, but public reporting is what drives change and the public should have access to this critical information,” said McGiffert. “The solutions arrived at in this report take us down the tired and worn out path of secret reporting of medical harm.”
A previous 2010 study by the OIG estimated that an estimated 15,000 Medicare patients experienced medical errors in the hospital that contributed to their deaths each month. That amounts to about 180,000 patients annually. The OIG calculated that Medicare patients harmed during that month required an additional $324 million in hospital care. The study estimated the annual cost for these events in hospital care alone at $4.4 billion.

Friday, January 6, 2012

EU grapples with failed medical devices.

Link Here. Implanted Medical Devices and Toys have similar regulation requirements.

Medical devices and Chinese toys share same level of safety checks
Sarah Boseley, health editor guardian.co.uk, Friday 6 January 2012 14.30 EST
Manufacturers of breast implants and hip joints must get CE mark rather than license based on evidence from clinical trials.
Many people would suppose that medical devices are subject to the same stringent approval and inspection processes as medicines. But they would be wrong.
When it comes to devices such as hip joints and breast implants, a manufacturer is not required to win a license based on evidence of safety and efficacy from clinical trials. Instead, they must get a CE mark which certifies the product reaches a certain European quality standard. It is the same mark that a Chinese toy company, for example, would have to obtain to sell yo-yos in Europe.
Medical devices are an enormous global industry, with 18,000 companies in Europe alone. As production has become cheaper elsewhere, so companies have moved.
The world leader in breast implants is the US company Allergan, which used to make them in Ireland. In the past couple of years, it has moved to Costa Rica. Its products have a CE mark, which means they have been quality-approved by a "notified body" in Europe. Inspectors, it says, come from all over the world to ensure standards remain high.
This is because EU directives lay out what commercial companies have to do to get the CE mark, wherever in the world they are based. "It is the same thing with toys. All products must have a CE mark," said Frederic Vincent, EU spokesman on health and consumer policy. "Some 80% of toys are produced in China. Manufacturing plants in China have all the papers needed."
Regulating the number and variety of medical devices is a huge job. The CE mark assessment must be done by one of the EU's accredited "notified bodies", but it does not have to be in the country of the manufacturer – the company gets to choose. PIP (Poly Implant Prothèse), the French manufacturer of the sub-standard breast implants that have caused the scandal, elected to apply not to a French notified body, but to one in Germany, called TÜV Rheinland.
The assessment is necessarily much tougher for breast implants, which have been reclassified in recent years as class III medical devices, than for bandages, for example, which are class I. PIP would have had to submit a dossier of evidence that its products were of high quality and its factory processes would have been examined.
The trouble began after PIP had obtained its CE mark. TÜV Rheinland, which has a good reputation in Germany, did send in inspectors on occasion. But PIP knew they were coming. A defiant Jean Claude Mas, the owner of the company, admits he was buying cheap industrial-grade silicone to fill the implants, costing €5 a litre, instead of medical-grade which cost €35.
"TÜV would announce its visits 10 days beforehand," he told French journalists. "That was the routine. I would give the order to hide all the documents regarding the non-authorised PIP gel and as far as the containers were concerned, the staff would organise themselves to make them disappear."
Thierry Brinon, technical director of the company, who said he was recruited from "a small ad", told investigators that "for as long as organisations give us systematic notice of inspection, any kind of malpractice can be hidden".
That was fraud, points out Vincent. Nonetheless, there are now questions over the safety of the European regulatory system. If unannounced inspections are not carried out, then the only warning of problems with the devices is when they go wrong. But it could take a long time for the authorities to realise there is a serious problem.
Doctors and surgeons are supposed to report adverse events – side-effects or health issues they suspect are caused by the devices – to the company and to the regulator in their own country. A company such as PIP may take no notice, even though it is under an obligation to report serious problems. The rupture of a breast implant is not considered serious enough to be reportable, because it can be caused by an accident.
Problems in the UK should be reported to the regulator, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Authority (MHRA). Although the MHRA licenses drugs, it has no responsibility for approving medical devices. All it can do, if it has evidence of issues, is send out a letter warning doctors.
That happened in April 2005. The MHRA had concerns about the safety of breast implants made of polyurethane foam and filled with silicone. They were introduced in the 1970s and withdrawn worldwide in 1991 because of fears the polyurethane coating could break down, releasing carcinogens.
The manufacturer, Polytech Silimed Europe, presented the MHRA with new safety data, but its experts said they could not be sure the improvements outweighed "the remote but unquantifiable carcinogenic risk". However, the MHRA could not stop the company selling its CE-marked implants in the UK. "As the implants are CE-marked medical devices, the MHRA accepts that they can legitimately be placed on the UK market, provided users and potential recipients are appropriately informed about their risks and benefits," it said in the 2005 letter.
It takes a substantial weight of evidence of harm – which has to come from all over Europe – to get an implant banned. If there are a few cases in the UK, a handful in France and some in Italy, the regulators in each country would have to talk to the others for the problem to be taken seriously. If the company is behaving ethically, it will be the first to know because it will get complaints from everywhere and can alert the rest of the world. But a company like PIP can sit on the evidence.
Breast implants have a long history of anxieties and recalls, followed by attempts by women to get legal redress and compensation. In 2000, hydrogel implants manufactured by PIP and given to 4,000 women since 1994 were voluntarily withdrawn. But there were warning signs around PIP even at that time. The MHRA stated that its review "has identified that the manufacturer's biological safety assessment of this product in inadequate, due to the lack of long-term toxicity data or clinical follow-up, together with methodological flaws in some of the pre-clinical tests".
Women sued and the UK courts awarded compensation, but PIP's insurers refused to pay up. Mark Harvey of Hugh James, the Cardiff-based solicitors, who ran claims then and has 300 women on his books over the latest PIP implant scandal, maintains the MHRA is to blame. "PIP has been able to come back into this country with a defective product and walk away again," Harvey said.
He also said the agency had not been sufficiently alert and responsive in the past year or more since the implants had been banned. "I do not believe the MHRA's reaction to date has been satisfactory; it is unbelievable the MHRA has not ensured that it was involved with the consultations in France about a product that affects such a large amount of women in this country.
"I am and have been very critical of its role throughout the history of this product. This stems from allowing this company to sell these implants in the UK in the first place, its refusal to respond when I alerted it to the problems, its refusal to meet with any of my clients to discuss their concerns and now this latest health concern."
There have been other warnings that tougher regulation is needed. Thousands of patients in the UK and many more around the world are facing operations to replace an artificial hip joint which was found to cause great pain and deposit toxic metal in the blood. The joint, made by DePuy, which is part of the huge Johnson & Johnson group, was made entirely of metal, instead of metal and plastic. The MHRA issued a recall in September last year.
Doctors and surgeons have to play their part in ensuring the safety of devices. There have been allegations that the relationships between some doctors and employees of the manufacturers are too cosy. "The device companies have tried to have good relationships with surgeons for decades," said Alison Dennis, a partner at law firm Field Fisher Waterhouse who has long worked with the industry. "That is how devices are developed." Surgeons advise companies and test out their products but sometimes the relationships, built up over years, go beyond the professional, she said.
The European-wide trade body, Eucomed, set out an ethical code in 2008, requiring members not to meet doctors unless for work and not to offer rounds of golf or visits to the spa. The major companies, she said, had taken the code on board, helped by major fines for malpractice in the US.

Thursday, January 5, 2012

Surgical mesh medical implants: FDA requires post-market data

Post-market data will help reduce risk to patients

Congratulations to Lana Keeton and Truth in Medicine (blog cited on right column) for tenacity and diligence leading to federal public policy changes that will elevate safety and effectiveness of U.S. medical devices and will make jobs in that industry more stable and respected.